English

      Spoken Language  

Spoken Language

By the end of Year 1 your child should be able to:    

  • Read aloud clearly and use some intonation for effect
  • Listen with sustained concentration
  • Explain their thoughts to a group
  • Take turns speaking their part in acting out familiar stories                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

By the end of Year 2 your child should be able to:

  • Use gesture to support talk
  • Be able to extract key points when listening to an adult
  • Ensure all group members have a turn
  • Present in front of an audience e.g. take part in a year group production or share a project in front of the class
  • Improve their drama skills by practising and adding simple theatrical effects e.g. props and sound effects

Reading

Reading

By the end of Year 1 your child should be able to:

  • Use the 40+ main speech sounds in English and the letters that represent them
  • Blend sounds together to form words
  •  Read aloud when reading books that contain familiar letter sound patterns
  • Listen to, and talk about a range of stories, poems and non-fiction texts
  •  Learn about popular fairy tales and folk stories, and retell the stories
  •  Join in with repeated phrases in familiar books
  • Make predictions about what might happen next in a book
  • Explain clearly what has happened in a book they’ve read or listened to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

By the end of Year 2 your child should be able to:

  • Read words aloud confidently, without obvious blending or rehearsal
  • Identify letter patterns so that decoding becomes fluent and secure.
  • Blend letter sounds, including alternative patterns, e.g. recognising ‘ue’ as the ‘oo’ sound
  • Read aloud words which contain more than one syllable
  • Recognise common suffixes, such as -ing and -less
  • Read words which do not follow phonetic patterns, such as ‘one’ and ‘who’   
  • Take account of punctuation to help with fluency and expression
  • Become familiar with a wide range of fairy stories and traditional tales
  • Discuss favourite words and the meaning of new words
  • Check that what has been read makes sense, and self-correct reading where necessary
  • Make predictions about what might happen next in a story

Children will be expected to read aloud books which are appropriate for their reading ability. During Year 2 their increasing knowledge of decoding should allow them to read a wide range of children’s books.

Writing

Writing

By the end of Year 1 your child should be able to:                    

  • Hold a pen or pencil in the correct and comfortable way
  • Name the letters of the alphabet in order
  • Write lower-case letters starting and ending in the right place
  • Join some letters correctly
  • Write capital letters and the digits 0 to 9
  • Spell simple words containing the main sounds they’ve learned in reading
  • Spell the days of the week
  •  Learn to write words with common endings, such as -ed, -ing, -er and -est
  • Plan out sentences aloud before writing them
  • Write simple sentences using joining words such as ‘and’, ‘then’, ‘so’
  • Use full stops and capital letters for sentences
  • Combine sentences to write descriptions and stories                                                                                                                                                                                                        

By the end of Year 2 your child should be able to:

  • Form letters of the appropriate size, using capital letters where appropriate
  • Use appropriate spaces between words when writing
  • Use diagonal and horizontal strokes to join handwriting
  • Spell longer words by breaking them into their sound parts
  • Learn to spell some common homophones, recognising the difference between them e.g. hear and here
  • Use the possessive apostrophe in simple phrases, such as ‘the boy’s football’.
  • Write about real events and personal experiences
  • Plan out writing in advance, including by writing down key words
  • Re-read writing to check that it makes sense and to make corrections, including punctuation
  • Use question marks, exclamation marks, apostrophes and commas in lists
  • Use the present and past tenses correctly in writing
  • Write longer sentences by using conjunctions, such as ’ but’, ‘if’ or ‘because’

 

 

 

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