By the end of Year 1 your child should be able to:
Number and Place Value

Count, both forwards and backwards, from any number, including past 100

Read and write numbers up to 100 as digits

Count in 2s, 5s and 10s

Find ‘one more’ or ‘one less’ than a number

Use mathematical language such as ‘more’, ‘less’, ‘most’, ‘least’ and ‘equal’
Calculations

Use the +,  and = symbols to write and understand simple number calculations

Add and subtract one and two digit numbers up to 20

Solve missing number problems, such as 10 – ? = 6

Begin to use simple multiplication by organising and counting objects
Fractions

Recognise and name one quarter and one half of an object, shape or quantity
Measurements

Use practical apparatus to explore different lengths, weights and volumes

Use language such as ‘heavier’, ‘shorter’ and ‘empty’ to compare things they have measured

Recognise the different coins and notes of British currency

Use language of time, such as ‘yesterday’, ‘before’, days of the week and months of the year

Tell the time to the hour and half hour, including drawing clock faces
Shape

Recognise and name some common 2D shapes, such as squares, rectangles and triangles

Recognise and name some common 3D shapes, such as cubes, cuboids and spheres

Describe movements, including quarter turns

By the end of Year 2 your child should be able to:
Number and Place Value

Recognise place value in twodigit numbers, e.g. knowing that the 1 in 17 represents 10

Read and write numbers up to 100 as words

Compare and order numbers up to 100

Use the < and > symbols to represent the relative size of numbers
Calculations

Recall number bonds up to 20 fluently

Add and subtract numbers mentally and using objects, including twodigit numbers

Show that adding two numbers can be done in any order, but subtracting cannot

Recognise that addition and subtraction are inverse operations

Learn the multiplication and division facts for the 2x, 5x and 10x tables

Show that multiplying two numbers can be done in any order, but dividing cannot

Solve problems using the x and ÷ symbols
Fractions

Find one ¼, ½ and ¾ of an object or set of objects

Find the answer to simple fraction problems, such as finding half of 6
Measurements

Use standard units to measure length (centimetres and metres), mass (grams and kilograms), temperature (degrees Celsius) and capacity (millilitres and litres)

Use the £ and p symbols for money amounts

Combine numbers of coins to make a given value, for example to make 62 pence

Tell the time to the nearest five minutes on an analogue clock

Know the number of minutes in an hour and hours in a day
Shape

Identify the number of sides and a line of symmetry on 2d shapes

Identify the number of faces, edges and vertices on 3d shapes

Use mathematical language to describe position and direction, including rotations and turns
Graphs and Data

Construct and understand simple graphs such as bar charts and pictograms
