# Maths

## Mathematics

By the end of Year 1 your child should be able to:

Number and Place Value

• Count, both forwards and backwards, from any number, including past 100
• Read and write numbers up to 100 as digits
• Count in 2s, 5s and 10s
• Find ‘one more’ or ‘one less’ than a number
• Use mathematical language such as ‘more’, ‘less’, ‘most’, ‘least’ and ‘equal’

Calculations

• Use the +, -  and = symbols to write and understand simple number calculations
• Add and subtract one and two digit numbers up to 20
• Solve missing number problems, such as 10 – ? = 6
• Begin to use simple multiplication by organising and counting objects

Fractions

• Recognise and name one quarter and one half of an object, shape or quantity

Measurements

• Use practical apparatus to explore different lengths, weights and volumes
• Use language such as ‘heavier’, ‘shorter’ and ‘empty’ to compare things they have measured
• Recognise the different coins and notes of British currency
• Use language of time, such as ‘yesterday’, ‘before’, days of the week and months of the year
• Tell the time to the hour and half hour, including drawing clock faces

Shape

• Recognise and name some common 2D shapes, such as squares, rectangles and triangles
• Recognise and name some common 3D shapes, such as cubes, cuboids and spheres
• Describe movements, including quarter turns

By the end of Year 2 your child should be able to:

Number and Place Value

•  Recognise place value in two-digit numbers, e.g. knowing that the 1 in 17 represents 10
• Read and write numbers up to 100 as words
• Compare and order numbers up to 100
• Use the < and > symbols to represent the relative size of numbers

Calculations

• Recall number bonds up to 20 fluently
• Add and subtract numbers mentally and using objects, including two-digit numbers
• Show that adding two numbers can be done in any order, but subtracting cannot
• Recognise that addition and subtraction are inverse operations
• Learn the multiplication and division facts for the 2x, 5x and 10x tables
• Show that multiplying two numbers can be done in any order, but dividing cannot
• Solve problems using the x and ÷ symbols

Fractions

• Find one ¼, ½  and ¾ of an object or set of objects
• Find the answer to simple fraction problems, such as finding half of 6

Measurements

• Use standard units to measure length (centimetres and metres), mass (grams and kilograms), temperature (degrees Celsius) and capacity (millilitres and litres)
• Use the £ and p symbols for money amounts
• Combine numbers of coins to make a given value, for example to make 62 pence
• Tell the time to the nearest five minutes on an analogue clock
• Know the number of minutes in an hour and hours in a day

Shape

•  Identify the number of sides and a line of symmetry on 2-d shapes
• Identify the number of faces, edges and vertices on 3-d shapes
• Use mathematical language to describe position and direction, including rotations and turns

Graphs and Data

• Construct and understand simple graphs such as bar charts and pictograms