By the end of Year 1 your child should be able to:
Number and Place Value
 Count, both forwards and backwards, from any number, including past 100
 Read and write numbers up to 100 as digits
 Count in 2s, 5s and 10s
 Find ‘one more’ or ‘one less’ than a number
 Use mathematical language such as ‘more’, ‘less’, ‘most’, ‘least’ and ‘equal’
Calculations
 Use the +,  and = symbols to write and understand simple number calculations
 Add and subtract one and two digit numbers up to 20
 Solve missing number problems, such as 10 – ? = 6
 Begin to use simple multiplication by organising and counting objects
Fractions
 Recognise and name one quarter and one half of an object, shape or quantity
Measurements
 Use practical apparatus to explore different lengths, weights and volumes
 Use language such as ‘heavier’, ‘shorter’ and ‘empty’ to compare things they have measured
 Recognise the different coins and notes of British currency
 Use language of time, such as ‘yesterday’, ‘before’, days of the week and months of the year
 Tell the time to the hour and half hour, including drawing clock faces
Shape
 Recognise and name some common 2D shapes, such as squares, rectangles and triangles
 Recognise and name some common 3D shapes, such as cubes, cuboids and spheres
 Describe movements, including quarter turns

By the end of Year 2 your child should be able to:
Number and Place Value
 Recognise place value in twodigit numbers, e.g. knowing that the 1 in 17 represents 10
 Read and write numbers up to 100 as words
 Compare and order numbers up to 100
 Use the < and > symbols to represent the relative size of numbers
Calculations
 Recall number bonds up to 20 fluently
 Add and subtract numbers mentally and using objects, including twodigit numbers
 Show that adding two numbers can be done in any order, but subtracting cannot
 Recognise that addition and subtraction are inverse operations
 Learn the multiplication and division facts for the 2x, 5x and 10x tables
 Show that multiplying two numbers can be done in any order, but dividing cannot
 Solve problems using the x and ÷ symbols
Fractions
 Find one ¼, ½ and ¾ of an object or set of objects
 Find the answer to simple fraction problems, such as finding half of 6
Measurements
 Use standard units to measure length (centimetres and metres), mass (grams and kilograms), temperature (degrees Celsius) and capacity (millilitres and litres)
 Use the £ and p symbols for money amounts
 Combine numbers of coins to make a given value, for example to make 62 pence
 Tell the time to the nearest five minutes on an analogue clock
 Know the number of minutes in an hour and hours in a day
Shape
 Identify the number of sides and a line of symmetry on 2d shapes
 Identify the number of faces, edges and vertices on 3d shapes
 Use mathematical language to describe position and direction, including rotations and turns
Graphs and Data
 Construct and understand simple graphs such as bar charts and pictograms
