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 Communication and Language


By the end of Reception your child should be able to:

Listening and Attention

  • Listen attentively in a range of situations e.g. small groups, large groups, assembly.

  • Anticipate key events in stories.

  • Respond to what others say with relevant comments, questions or actions.

  • Listen to what others say and respond appropriately, even when they are engaged in another activity.


  • Understand and follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.

  • Follow a story without pictures or props.

  • Answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.


  • Express themselves effectively, showing awareness of the listener’s needs.

  • Use past, present and future tenses correctly.

  • Use language to connect ideas or events.

  • Use language to organise, sequence and clarify thinking, ideas, feelings and events.

  • Use language to create storylines when they are playing.


 Personal, Social and Emotional                            Development


By the end of Reception your child should be able to:

Making relationships

  • Take turns and play co-operatively with others.

  • Take account of others’ ideas about how to organise an activity.

  • Show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings.

  • Take steps to resolve conflicts with other children e.g. finding a compromise.

  • Form positive relationships with other children and adults.

Self-confidence and self-awareness

  • Confidently try new activities.

  • Talk about their own abilities and be able to describe themselves in positive terms.

  • Say why they like some activities more than others.

  • Speak in a familiar group, talking about their ideas.

  • Choose the resources they need for a particular activity.

  • Say when they do or do not need help.

Managing feelings and behaviour

  • Talk about how they and others show feelings.

  • Talk about their own and others’ behaviour and know that some behaviour is unacceptable.

  • Negotiate and solve problems without aggression.

  • Understand the boundaries set and be aware of behavioural expectations.

  • Work as part of a group or class and understand and follow the rules.

  • Adjust their behaviour to different situations.

  • Take changes of routine in their stride.


 Physical Development


By the end of Reception your child should be able to:


Moving and Handling        

  • Show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements.

  • Move safely, in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.

  • Handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Health and Self-care

  • Understand the importance of physical exercise and a healthy diet for good health.

  • Talk about ways that they can stay healthy and safe.

  • Manage their own basic hygiene.

  • Get dressed and undressed, independently.

  • Manage their own toileting needs.




By the end of Reception your child should be able to:


  • Say the sounds that the following letters represent:  s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d, o, g, c, k, ck, e, u, r, h, h, f, ff, l, ll, ss.

  • Say most of the sounds that the following letters represent:  j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er.

  • Recite the alphabet and know the letter names.

  • Read the following common irregular words (tricky words):

    • I, no, go, to, the, into,

    • he, she, we, be, me, was, you , they, all, are, my, her

    • said, have, like, so, do, some, come, were, there, little, one, when, out, what.

  • Use their phonic knowledge to read regular words.

  • Read and understand simple sentences.

  • Talk about what they have read.

  • Retell stories.

  • Understand that information can be found in books.


  • Hold a pencil correctly.

  • Form letters correctly, progressing to a joined up style.

  • Write their name, progressing to a joined up style.

  • Segment words into their component sounds.

  • Use their phonic knowledge to write words (they may not be spelled correctly but will be phonetically plausible e.g . ‘duc’ for ‘duck’).

  • Spell and write the following common irregular words:

    •  I, no, go, to, the, into,

    • he, she, we, be, me, was, you , they, all, are, my, her

  • Write simple sentences which can be read by others.




By the end of Reception your child should be able to:


  • Say number names in order from 0 – 20.

  • Accurately count 20 objects.

  • Recognise numbers 0 – 20, even when they are presented out of sequence.

  • Order numbers 0 – 20.

  • Say the number that is 1 more or 1 less than a given number.

  • Using objects, add and subtract two single digit numbers, counting on or back to find the answer.

  • Using objects, double, half and share amounts.

  • Explain their answers.

Shape, Space and Measures 

  • Use everyday words to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money (e.g. big, small, tall, long, short, heavy, light, full, empty, near, far, today, tomorrow, yesterday, next, pound, penny etc.)

  • Compare quantities and objects using mathematical language e.g. lots, many, few, less, more etc.

  • Recognise patterns, e.g. shapes, colours, sounds, actions etc.

  • Continue a pattern.

  • Create their own patterns.

  • Recognise 2D and 3D shapes e.g. circle, square, triangle, rectangle, semi-circle, diamond, sphere, cube, cuboid, cylinder, cone, pyramid etc., and use mathematical language to describe and compare them e.g. side, corner, round, straight etc.

  • Explain their answers.


 Understanding the World


By the end of Reception your child should be able to:

People and Communities

  • Talk about past and present events in their own life and in the lives of family members.

  • Know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things as they do and are sensitive to this.

  • Recognise similarities and differences between themselves and other people.

  • Know that different groups of people have different traditions, cultures and beliefs.

The World

  • Notice and comment on similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.

  • Talk about the features of their own immediate environment.

  • Talk about how environments might vary from one another.

  • Make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur.

  • Notice changes and talk about them.


  • Recognise and talk about a range of technology and its uses e.g. remote control, dishwasher, ipad, digital camera etc.

  • Select and use technology for a particular purpose e.g. using an ipad to take photos, using a paint program to draw a picture, programming a Beebot.

  • Use age appropriate computer software.


 Expressive Arts and Design


By the end of Reception your child should be able to:

Exploring and using media and materials

  • Sing and dance and experiment with ways of changing their work.
  • Explore the different sounds of instruments.
  • Experiment with mixing colours.
  • Experiment to create different textures.
  • Combine materials to create new effects.
  • Manipulate materials to achieve a planned effect.
  • Construct with a purpose in mind, using a variety of resources.
  • Use simple tools and techniques competently and appropriately.
  • Select appropriate resources and adapt their work where necessary.
  • Select tools and techniques needed to shape, assemble and join materials.

Being imaginative 

  • Draw, paint and make models to represent events, people and objects.
  • Express their ideas through music and dance.
  • Make up stories and pretend to be different characters.
  • Use their imagination and have their own ideas.